New FCIL Librarian Series: Year of Professional Development: The Mid-Year Check-In

By Devan Orr

December 1st to January 31st may be the busiest time for an academic law librarian – at least, it always feels like that to me. You start the month of December trying to instill the last lessons and information into your students before they take their finals and complete their memos and writing assignments. Then you have the whirlwind of the holiday season while simultaneously trying to complete your grades. And January 1st (or 2nd or 3rd depending on travel plans) brings about the start of a two-week prep period before classes, a prep period that over the summer takes a whole 2 or 3 months from start and finish.  For a new librarian, like myself, this is a very overwhelming period when trying to balance work, rest, and additional duties can seem impossible. So, this year, I’ve been trying to set myself up for success in the spring, rather than letting the burnout of a school year creep up on me.

In this year of professional development, I’m taking this hectic time as a time to reflect on systems established in the fall and tweak them as needed for the spring. With the unexpected cancellation of one of my classes this spring due to a lack of enrollment, I’m trying to spread out my focus and efforts across multiple facets of our job instead of putting all my eggs into the teaching basket. So below are just a few of the things I’ve tried to implement this school year in an effort to embrace professional development and increased knowledge and specialization:

Teach on beads with books in background
Photo by Pixabay on
  • Subscribing to Library of Congress updates – this has been a godsend. Every day I receive a few emails about different developments in international law from the Law Library of Congress. This gives me a great jumping-off point for discussions in our Foreign and International Research class and helps me think of research topics and additions for students working on independent papers who are interested in foreign and international law. It also makes me a more-informed citizen generally while expending little effort in sifting through news outlets myself. I highly recommend everyone sign up for these alerts.
  • Journaling after classes – this was a suggestion taken from the 2022 Teaching the Teachers conference in Portland, Oregon (highly recommend everyone take some time to attend this conference if you can – it gave me so many practical tips and hands-on experiences that have made my teaching better) and when I remember to do it, I find it to be immensely helpful. This allows me to take a few moments and write down thoughts of what did and did not work, what questions came up that I was not expecting, and allows me to contextualize changes I may want to make for next year. I find this especially helpful as I am still using materials largely populated by my predecessors. Because I was not there for their inception, the notes allow me to have more ownership over changes and let me see what I should focus on most when updating or even reconstructing lessons for next year.
  • Teams (or Slack or GChat or Zoom or…) – While many of us are forced into one system manager or another, this year I’ve been trying to capitalize on Teams at work. For committees at the library, I’ve been keeping running meeting minutes in Teams so the document is always available. Collaborative grading and sharing ideas has been much easier than emailing them among our five-person reference team, and it allows us to work smarter without duplicating efforts.
  • The FCIL-SIS Digest and updates – our network is one of the most active and useful networks on AALL message boards and forums, and all the webinars and discussions that come through my inbox help me stay up to date with highlights in our profession. They also add to what I draw on in my foreign and international research classes, particularly when pointing out possible project topics to students, and when I’m giving research instruction to doctrinal classes focusing on international law.

As I take on this next semester, I am staying positive and taking new habits and resources with me. But this is a new librarian series, and I know that I am just scratching the surface of productivity and teaching techniques. I am always looking for new systems to incorporate into my routine, so I am curious and open to suggestions! What tips do you have for new academic librarians starting their spring semesters?   Are there FCIL-specific events or trends to keep on the radar as we move into a new year? Let us know in the comments, and I’ll catch up with you soon!

Introducing…Trezlen Drake as the February 2023 FCIL-SIS Member of the Month


1. Where did you grow up?

I grew up in Macon, a rural community in the piedmont region of North Carolina, across the border from Virginia.

2. Why did you select law librarianship as a career? 

I practiced law off and on for a few years and realized that, while I enjoyed helping others, I didn’t enjoy the work. Law librarianship seemed like a good way to combine my legal training with a place that I loved: the library.

3. When did you develop an interest in foreign, comparative, and/or international law? 

I honestly didn’t know it was a thing until one of my classmates mentioned it. I was fascinated since I enjoy learning language and culture, and am concerned about human rights. And it was a great way for me to continue that learning while getting paid to do it.

4. Who is your current employer? How long have you worked there? 

I am currently employed by Yale’s Lillian Goldman Law Library. I have worked here since March 2022.

5. Do you speak or read any foreign languages? 

I studied Russian in high school and college, and a little Spanish, and French in college and grad school. Russian is my strongest language, but I’m rusty since I don’t meet many who speak it. My brain does pull in the occasional Russian word that works in context; I then have to remember the English translation.

6. What is your most significant professional achievement? 

My most significant professional achievement is co-founding PEGA-SIS (from the Gen X/Y Caucus) with two phenomenal law librarians who took a mumbled one-off comment seriously and worked with me to create and run a real group that has grown beyond what we ever imagined.

7. What is your biggest food weakness? 

Dirty Chai. I am not a person who needs caffeine to function; a glass of water will do just fine, thank you very much! But I love a milky coffee (thanks to my Granny) and a spicy chai (the real stuff, not the syrupy mix!). A dirty chai is an obvious lovechild of the two. I am always tempted by it no matter the time of day. I use the resulting midnight wakefulness thinking about my poor choices and how I will never again have one so late in the day. Until the next time it happens.

8. What song makes you want to get up and sing/dance? 

This is hard because I have a jukebox in my head! Funk, soul, and R&B songs from the 70s. Just about anything for the 80s. Ninety’s alternative. Pop music! Prince. Amy Winehouse. It just depends on the day and the mood.

9. What ability or skill do you most wish you had (that you don’t have already)?

Sewing and clothing design. I see and try on clothes, dresses and pants, and have ideas of how to make it fit me or even look better, but I wasn’t taught to sew growing up. So, these are just dreams that dance in my head.

10. Aside from the basic necessities, what is one thing you can’t go a day without? 

Moisturizer. Gotta keep my skin young and supple.

11. Anything else you would like to share with us?

I have enjoyed my time as an FCIL librarian, meeting and spending time with FCIL colleagues around the country and world.

Trezlen Drake is the Head of Digital Resources and a Research Librarian at Yale’s Lillian Goldman Law Library.

From the Reference Desk: Using the Year Books

By Jonathan Pratter

A student had a citation to the Year Books: Y.B. 1 Hen. 7 Mich. pl. 5, per Hussey, C.J. I could decipher this to mean the Year Book from the first year of the reign of King Henry VII, Michaelmas term, a statement by Chief Justice Hussey. But what was pl. 5? It turns out that this means plea number 5. Also, what exactly was the published source for this citation? That took some research.

The Year Books are the earliest reports of English cases. They were produced between 1268 and 1535. The original Year Books were manuscript. Not long after the introduction of printing to England, printed editions of Year Books began to be published. The standard print edition was produced between 1678 and 1680 and edited by John Maynard. It is known as the Maynard edition. A facsimile reprint was done in 1979-1981 and again in 2007. The title varies. In our law library we have adapted the title given in Manual of Law Librarianship (2nd ed. 1987): Year Books or Reports in the following Reigns, 1 Edward II to 27 Henry VIII, with notes to Brook and Fitzherbert’s Abridgments. The Maynard edition has the case that I was looking for.

F.W. Maitland. Unknown(Life time: n.d.), Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons

There are difficulties associated with using the Year Books. First, they are written in law French. The language of the Year Books is actually more accurately described as Anglo-Norman. A person who knows modern French will not be able to read the Year Books. A second difficulty is the heavy use of abbreviations and contractions. A partial remedy for both difficulties will be found in such works as Manual of Law French by J.H. Baker (2nd edition 1990). In addition to an “Introduction to law French” and a “Bibliography of aids to interpretation”, there is an extensive glossary of law French terms translated into English, as well as a list of the more common abbreviations and contractions.

Another solution to the issue of the language of the Year Books is to use a translated edition. The Selden Society has produced a good number of carefully edited editions of the Year Books, with valuable introductions and with the law French and English translation on facing pages. For example, there is the Year Books of Edward II (1903), edited by probably the foremost legal historian of the Year Books, F.W. Maitland. In addition, there is an edition of Year Books known as the Rolls Series edition. This includes Year Books of the Reign of King Edward the First (published 1863-1879) and Year Books of the Reign of King Edward the Third (published 1883-1911), edited and translated by Horwood and Pike. These are available freely online in the Gallica database of the Bibliothèque Nationale de France, of all places. The links to the individual volumes are found in a research guide prepared by the Bodleian Law Library.

Hein Online has a collection called Selden Society Publications and the History of Early English Law. Although it is hard to tell, this collection appears to include all of the Selden Society publications, including the various volumes of the Year Books that appeared in the Selden Society Annual Series.

Screenshot of this webpage
Seipp’s Index

Also available freely online is a database titled Legal History: the Year Books. The subtitle is “An index and paraphrase of printed year book reports from medieval English legal history, 1268-1535.” The database is compiled by Professor David J. Seipp of Boston University School of Law, and is known popularly as Seipp’s Index. The database is based on the Maynard edition of the Year Books. The search screen allows searching by a number of criteria. The criterion that makes the most sense is to search by citation, i.e., term, regnal year, reign and plea number. Clicking on the “Seipp Number” in the search results brings up a substantial amount of information about the case in both English and law French, including a link to a pdf of the case in the reprint of the Maynard edition.

An excellent introduction is a short volume, The Year Books: Lectures Delivered in the University of London at the Request of the Faculty of Laws by W.C. Bolland (1921). It is available on HeinOnline and in Making of Modern Law.

Through the FCIL Lens: Peru, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Iran and Fiji

By Marcelo Rodríguez

Through the FCIL Lens is a series aiming to put the spotlight on several rapidly (d)evolving flashpoints throughout the world. As Foreign, Comparative and International law librarians, we are tasked with keeping abreast and having a general knowledge of what is currently going on in other parts of the world. This type of knowledge is crucial to all legal researchers, and in particular, comparative legal research. Besides research, this type of information can be relevant for pedagogy, collection development and outreach purposes. Specifically, this blog series intends to fill out a gap when it comes to following and understanding situations in countries and jurisdictions located in the Global South which does not get much media attention here in the United States. 

For this post I have chosen events that took place over the past two months, December 2022 and January 2023 in the following countries: Peru, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Iran and Fiji. As in previous posts, these summaries aim to be descriptive, introductory, and to provide a stepping stone for further comprehensive research. Each summary also includes at least three important authoritative secondary sources.

Upside Down Map
  • Relentless Social and Political Upheaval in Peru
  • Canaza-Choque, Franklin Américo. “The last day of president Martín Vizcarra, Peru 2020: Losing the crown and power in a turbulent end.” DIKÉ. Revista Peruana de Derecho y Ciencia Política 2.2 (2022): 1-16.
  • Chavez Linares, Carlo A. “A Case for Disastrous Party Politics in Peru.” Res Publica-Journal of Undergraduate Research 27.1 (2022): 9.
  • Sanchez-Sibony, Omar. Democracy without Parties in Peru: The Politics of Uncertainty and Decay. Springer Nature, 2022.
  • Sierra Leone’s New Landmark Pro-Women Rights Law
  • Archibald, S., & Richards, P. (2002). Converts to human rights? Popular debate about war and justice in rural central Sierra Leone. Africa, 72(3), 339-367.
  • Maclure, R., & Denov, M. (2009). Reconstruction versus transformation: Post-war education and the struggle for gender equity in Sierra Leone. International Journal of Educational Development, 29(6), 612-620.
  • Millar, G. (2015). “We have no voice for that”: Land rights, power, and gender in rural Sierra Leone. Journal of Human Rights, 14(4), 445-462.
  • South Africa’s Ramaphosa Impeachment Woes
  • Budhram, T. (2019). Political corruption and state capture in South Africa. In Political Corruption in Africa (pp. 155-174). Edward Elgar Publishing.
  • Onuoha, B. (2021). The Corruption conundrum of the Zuma Presidency. Journal for Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences, 10(1&2), 14-29.
  • Von Holdt, K. (2019). The political economy of corruption: elite-formation, factions and violence. Society, Work and Politics Institute Working Paper, 10.
  • Iranian Protests Persist Despite Executions
  • Filin, Nikita. “The green movement in Iran: 2009–2010.” Handbook of Revolutions in the 21st Century. Springer, Cham, 2022. 571-592.
  • Haghighi, Farzaneh. “Street protest and its representations: Urban dissidence in Iran.” The Routledge Handbook of Architecture, Urban Space and Politics, Volume I. Routledge, 2022. 361-378.
  • Wulf, Volker, et al. “The Personal is the Political: Internet filtering and Counter Appropriation in the Islamic Republic of Iran.” Computer Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW) (2022): 1-37.
  • New Prime Minister, Old Rivalries in Fiji

Webinar: Feb. 22, 2023 – What in the world…is happening in Haiti?

The Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion Committee of the FCIL-SIS invites you to attend “What in the world…is happening in Haiti?,” on Wednesday, Feb. 22nd, 2023 at 1 pm EST. This webinar is the first in a series of webinars on international events that may impact FCILS-SIS and the wider AALL membership. It is being co-sponsored by the BLL-SIS and is a Black History Month event. It will focus the history of Haiti, the current situation, what the future may be, and a view of this issue from a librarian’s perspective i.e. finding resources relative to Haiti. Register at:

Interested in writing a recap blog post about this webinar? Please contact Meredith Capps,, and/or Jessica Pierucci,

Information in above blurb, plus Panelists: Stephanie Delia, Magalie Desince, Irwin Stotzky, Moderador: Lyonette Louis-Jacques

The Top 22 of ’22

Fireworks above water
Melvin Degiorgio, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

2022 proved to be yet another productive year for our SIS, including on the DipLawMatic Dialogues Blog!  Worried that you missed something great?  Fear not – we’ve compiled a list of the most-viewed posts of 2022 so that you can catch up!

  1. From the Reference Desk: Reflections on 35 Years as an FCIL Librarian, by Jonathan Pratter
  2. From the Reference Desk: Who Are the Most Highly Qualified Publicists?, by Jonathan Pratter
  3. Through the FCIL Lens: Ukraine, West Africa, Kuwait, India and Colombia, by Marcelo Rodríguez
  4. From the Reference Desk: Are Legal Systems Converging, by Jonathan Pratter
  5. New FCIL Librarian Series: Learning to Librarian, by Devan Orr
  6. Related Organizations Series: Indigenous Peoples Law, by Julienne E. Grant, Joan Policastri, & Sue Silverman
  7. From the Reference Desk: Researching International Arbitration, by Jonathan Pratter
  8. AALL 2022 Recap: Teaching FCIL Research Roundtable, by Meredith Capps
  9. AALL 2022 Recap: How to Research Brazilian Law and Government Information, by Devan Orr
  10. IALL 2022 Recap: The Challenge of Building a Sustainable Tribal Law Infrastructure That Respects Tribal Sovereignty, by Joan Policastri
  11. Through the FCIL Lens: Chile, Tunisia, Ethiopia, New Caledonia, Hong Kong, Germany, by Marcelo Rodríguez
  12. IALL 2022 Recap: International Copyright and the Problem of Orphan Works, by Meredith Capps
  13. What’s New in the Index for Foreign Legal Periodicals, by Marci Hoffman
  14. Through the FCIL Lens: Haiti, Mali, Sudan, UAE, Kazakhstan and Germany (Syria), by Marcelo Rodríguez
  15. Catching up with Dr. Rheny Pulungan, by the FCIL Schaffer Grant Fundraising Committee
  16. From the Reference Desk: Researching Ancient Greek Law, by Jonathan Pratter
  17. New FCIL Librarian Series: Putting the Social in Social Media, by Devan Orr
  18. AALL 2022 Recap: Impressions from the Brazilian Law Panel, by Anahit Petrosyan
  19. Through the FCIL Lens: Guatemala, Western Sahara, Kenya, Taiwan and Marshall Islands, by Marcelo Rodríguez
  20. IALL 2022 Recap: Copy-Paste: Comparative Constitutionalism as Intellectual History, by David Isom
  21. Related Organizations Series: AfLLIP’s Update, by Oludayo John Bamgbose
  22. Through the FCIL Lens: Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Burkina Faso, Honduras and Europe, by Marcelo Rodríguez

In 2022, the blog was viewed more than 10,000 times, by nearly 7,000 readers in 120 countries.  Thanks to all who sent their announcements for inclusion on the blog, and to all of those who authored posts – recognized below – and contributed to this success!

Oludayo John Bamgbose * Meredith Capps * Julienne E. Grant * Marci Hoffman * David Isom * Michael McArthur * Paul Moorman * Devan Orr * Marcelo Rodríguez * Anahit Petrosyan* Jonathan Pratter * Lucie Olejnikova * Joan Policastri * Renu Urvashi Sagreiya * Sue Silverman

Want to contribute in 2023?  Contact FCIL Publicity Committee Co-Chairs Meredith Capps ( and/or Jessica Pierucci (!

Introducing…Stephanie Farne as the January 2023 FCIL-SIS Member of the Month


Headshot of Stephanie Farne

1. Where did you grow up?

Norwell, MA, a pretty small town south of Boston.

2. Why did you select law librarianship as a career? 

After a short time practicing litigation, I realized practicing law was not for me.  I talked with my sister who was in library school, and she connected me with her roommate, an attorney who was in library school.  I have never looked back!  

3. When did you develop an interest in foreign, comparative, and/or international law? 

I studied international relations in undergrad, and had minors in French and Spanish.  When I was studying library science at Simmons, I saw a job posting for a reference assistant at Harvard’s ILS library.  I had never thought I could tie my undergrad studies into my career, and I was really excited about the possibility. 

4. Who is your current employer? How long have you worked there? 

I work at BC Law Library, where I started in February 2021, remotely.

5. Do you speak or read any foreign languages? 

I have minors from undergrad in French and Spanish.

6. What is your most significant professional achievement? 

One of the highlights for me recently was returning to academic law librarianship.  I left Boston University Law Library in January 2005 to work at a law firm.  After 7 years at the firm library, I stepped away from law librarianship, working part time at public, school and college libraries.  Then, in February 2021, I returned, starting my current position at Boston College Law School Library.

7. What is your biggest food weakness? 

Dark chocolate.

8. What song makes you want to get up and sing/dance? 

Think I might date myself here.  Anything by New Order.

9. What ability or skill do you most wish you had (that you don’t have already)?

I wish I had more language skills. My undergrad French and Spanish is rusty.  I wish I also had a non Romance language.

10. Aside from the basic necessities, what is one thing you can’t go a day without? 

Coffee.  Though that might be a basic necessity in most people’s books!

11. Anything else you would like to share with us?

I am beyond excited to be back in the role of FCIL specialist.  After stepping away from law librarianship, I did not think I would return to the job I love so much.  I also want to thank the Dream Team at Harvard who trained me: Jeannette Yackle, Stephen Wiles and Silke Sahl.  They were the best teachers and co-workers I could have ever had.

GlobaLex November/December 2022 Issue is Live

By Lucie Olejnikova

GlobaLex November/December 2022 issue is live featuring two new articles, both addressing the unique challenges posed by COVID-19, titled Contact Tracing and Right to Privacy: A Comparative Law Research in China and Singapore, and The Execution of the International Public Contract During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Comparative Perspective; and six updates: Mauritania, Mozambique, Researching the Law of Latin America, Inter-American System of Human Rights, International Fisheries Law, and Researching the United Nations. Webmasters and content managers, please update your pages. We thank all our wonderful authors, new and established, for their excellent contributions and commitment to open access authorship!

UPDATE: Researching the Inter-American System of Human Rights by Francisco A. Avalos at

Francisco A. Avalos joined the James E. Rogers College of Law in 1982 as the Foreign and International Law Librarian. His area of expertise is Latin American legal research with an emphasis on Mexico. He has written extensively and made many presentations in this area of the law. Mr. Avalos has served as Secretary-Treasurer and Chairperson of the Foreign, Comparative, and International Law SIS of the American Association of Law Libraries and served on the Index to Foreign Legal Periodicals Advisory Committee. His current research interests include legal translation and the pre-Columbian legal systems of the Americas. The third edition of his book the “Mexican Legal System” been released. He updated his article on the legal citation for the 20th edition of the Blue Book. He just completed his most recent monograph titled the “Legal History of Mexico: The Discovery to the Present (William Hien Publications). Mr. Avalos retired in 2009 and now is the Librarian for the Kozochyk National Law Center.

UPDATE: An Introduction to International Fisheries Law Research by Abdullah Al Arif at

Abdullah Al Arif is an internationally experienced researcher specializing in ocean governance and the law of the sea. He completed a PhD in Law at Macquarie University (NSW, Australia) in 2019. Dr Arif is currently pursuing a postdoctoral research fellowship at Yokohama City University, Japan, funded by the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS). He is the author of the monograph Sustainable Fisheries Management and International Law: Marine Fisheries in Bangladesh and the Bay of Bengal (Routledge, 2022).

UPDATE: Researching the United Nations: Finding the Organization’s Internal Resource Trails by Linda Tashbook at

Linda Tashbook is the Foreign International Comparative Law Librarian at the University of Pittsburgh School of Law’s Barco Law Library, a Fulbright Senior Specialist, and an attorney in private practice. Prior to becoming the foreign and international librarian, she was the Barco Law Library’s Electronic Services Librarian. Her book, Family Guide to Mental Illness and the Law (Oxford, 2019) won the 2020 Publication Award from the Academic Law Libraries Special Interest Section of the American Association of Law Libraries and the 2019 Reynolds and Flores Publication Award. Her Juris Doctor and Master of Library Science degrees are from the University of Pittsburgh. Her Bachelor of Science degree is from Texas Woman’s University.

Contact Tracing and Right to Privacy: A Comparative Law Research in China and Singapore Alex Zhang and Andrea Levan at

Alex Zhang is the Archibald C. and Frances Fulk Rufty Research Professor of Law, Associate Dean of Information Services, and Director of the J. Michael Goodson Law Library at the Duke University School of Law. Alex’s research interests include legal information and technology, law library management, knowledge management, open access to information, and Chinese law and research. Her articles have appeared in scholarly journals such as Legal Information Management, Law Library Journal, International Journal of Legal Information, and Chinese Journal of Comparative Law. She is a co-editor of Global Animal Law Research (Carolina Academic Press, 2022). Featuring 12 research experts specializing in the U.S., foreign, international, and comparative law research, Global Animal Law Research collects these experts’ perspectives, knowledge, and experiences researching various animal rights and welfare topics. Global Animal Law Research received the 2022 Reynolds & Flores Publication Award from the American Association of Law Libraries. Alex is also a country editor for Foreign Law Guide (Brill) and the chief editor for Legal Reference Services Quarterly (Taylor and Francis).

Andrea Levan graduated from Washington and Lee University in 2022 with double B.A.s in Chinese and Global Politics with a concentration in East Asia. Andrea has been researching with Professor Alex Zhang since November 2020, assisting in a few of Zhang’s projects including “Mapping Asian Legal Responses to COVID-19”. Andrea presented this research project alongside Professor Zhang at the 2022 Bridging the Spectrum Symposium hosted by the Catholic University of America. Andrea currently works as a Paralegal Specialist within the Antitrust Division of the U.S. Department of Justice in Washington D.C.

The Execution of the International Public Contract during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Comparative Perspective by Mohamed Gomaa and Arushi Bhagotra at

Mohamed Gomaa is a Pre-Trial Judge at the State Commissioner Authority at the Egyptian Council of State. He is an honorary board member of the CIArb YMG Global Steering Committee. and a Ph.D. researcher in Public International Law at Cairo University in Egypt. He has also served in a legal capacity at the Egyptian Russian State University and has had the privilege to speak as a guest panelist at prestigious law conferences around the world, which included the scientific symposium on “Digital Transformation and Data Security and Safety in Arab Courts” organized by the Arab Centre for Legal and Judicial Research, as well as an event for young researchers in arbitration law organized by Faculty of Law of Aix-en-Provence. Judge Gomaa holds master’s degrees in Law and Economics from the University of Hamburg in Germany, International Business Law from the University of Jean Moulin Lyon III in France, and Private and Public Law from Ain Shams University in Cairo, Egypt; a certificate of Contract Law from Harvard University; and a certificate of Arbitration of International Disputes from the University of Leiden in the Netherlands. Judge Gomaa is an author and a member of the editorial board for a book entitled l’actualité jurisprudentielle du Conseil d’État français, Dar-ElnahDa, Cairo, Egypt, and he has authored several articles on arbitration, human rights during the pandemic, health laws in India and South Asia, and administrative law.

Arushi Bhagotra is a penultimate-year law student pursuing her B.A./LL.B. (Hons.) degree at the National Law Institute University, Bhopal, India. She is focusing on Alternate Dispute Resolution and International Commercial Laws. She has been proactive in the field of ADR and has taken part in competitions throughout her law school tenure. She also has an interest in legal research and drafting. Arushi has around 20 publications to her name on a variety of legal topics, including international and domestic laws and how they apply in India.

UPDATE: Researching the Law of Latin America by Julienne E. Grant at

Julienne E. Grant currently serves as Instructor & Reference Librarian at the Louis L. Biro Law Library at the University of Illinois Chicago School of Law. She previously spent almost eighteen years as the Foreign & International Research Specialist at the Loyola University Chicago School of Law. Ms. Grant has contributed to published guides on Mexican and Cuban law, and she recently co-authored a chapter (with Teresa M. Miguel-Stearns) in Latin American Collection Concepts: Essays on Libraries, Collaborations and New Approaches (McFarland, 2019). She is a member of the FCIL-SIS of the American Association of Law Libraries and has served as Chair of its Latin American Law Interest Group. Ms. Grant earned a B.A. magna cum laude in Spanish from Middlebury College, an M.A. in Ibero-American Studies from the University of Wisconsin-Madison, an M.A.L.S. from Rosary College (now Dominican University), and a J.D. cum laude from DePaul University. Ms. Grant also received a Certificate in Editing from the Graham School at the University of Chicago, and she is a freelance editor, writer, and translator.

UPDATE: Law and Legal Systems in Mauritania by Keli Vrindavan Devi Dasi at

Miss Kevashinee Pillay (Keli Vrindavan Devi Dasi) holds a law degree (LL.B.) from the Howard College School of Law (University of Kwa Zulu Natal), Durban, South Africa (2006). She is also an attorney of the Republic of South Africa (Kwa Zulu Natal Law Society since 2009). She holds a master’s degree in human rights and democratization in Africa (LL.M.), from the Centre for Human Rights, University of Pretoria, South Africa, and Université Gaston Berger de Saint Louis in Senegal (2011). Further, she has worked at national, regional, and international organizations in the field of human rights and served as the senior researcher to the United Nations First Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Eritrea (2013). At the commencement of her doctoral studies in 2014, at the Faculty of Law, Nelson Mandela University, Port Elizabeth, South Africa in partnership with the Institute for Coastal and Marine Research, Port Elizabeth, South Africa, and the Centre for Human Rights, University of Pretoria, South Africa [currently on hold], her research interests have included Climate Change and Sea Level Rise, Global South Approaches to Law of the Sea, Law of the Sea and Human Rights under International Law and Maritime Security in Africa.

UPDATE: Republic of Mozambique – Legal System and Research by Orquídea Massarongo-Jona and Isaura Ernesto Muhosse at

Orquídea Massarongo-Jona is a practicing lawyer (business, oil and gas, and labour law) and a Senior Researcher at the Center for Human Rights (CDH). She is responsible for the Implementation of the Local Human Rights Master’s Program. Currently, she is completing a Ph.D. at Ghent University in Belgium. She graduated from Universidade Eduardo Mondlane (2002) and obtained an LL.M at University of Stellenbosch, Cape Town in South Africa where she was awarded a master’s degree in International Trade Law (2003). Her areas of research interest include international trade law (WTO); human rights law, in particular the African System; and health ethics and trade law related to human rights (business and human rights), with particular interest on issues relating to women and vulnerable populations. Currently, she is pursuing research in oil and gas law. She has been a Facilitator at Post Graduate Program on Human Rights at Human Rights Center (IGC) at the University of Coimbra, on the African Human Rights System, since 2016.

Isaura Ernesto Muhosse is a research assistant who holds a degree in law from the Eduardo Mondlane University (Faculty of Law) and a degree in Planning, Administration and School Management from the Pedagogical University (Maputo). She has been a staff member at the Eduardo Mondlane University Faculty of Law since 2001 and worked as an assistant academic register until 2013. She participated as an assistant researcher in the preparation of a paper on “Media Rights” in Mozambique in 2018/19; the compilation of the Human Rights instruments in 2020; and the draft law on Safeguards Measures in Mozambique in 2020.

For more articles, visit

Webinar Recap: Regulating Remote Work During the Pandemic and After: Global Perspective

By Aamir Abdullah

“Regulating Remote Work During the Pandemic and After: Global Perspective” by Ruth Levush, Senior Foreign Law Specialist – July 21, 2022

First and foremost, a big shout-out to the Law Library of Congress at the Library of Congress for providing a recording of this presentation. Specifically, thank you to the Public Services Division for providing a hyperlink to the presentation. A link to the video may be found here. Unfortunately, the slides for the presentation are not available. Thankfully, a transcript of the video is located here.[i]

Table of Contents

The hourlong presentation is broken down into 7 parts:

  1. Benefits of telework,
  2. Challenges with telework,
  3. US pre- and post- pandemic framework,
  4. EU regulations on telework,
  5. EU Members’ national regulations,
  6. Telework regulations in other countries, &
  7. Judicial review of telework arrangements.[ii]

From the above list of contents, it should be clear that this presentation is Euro-centric. This is not necessarily a negative, but it should be noted. The slide deck is roughly 34 slides long. Responses from countries outside the US and Europe are on slide 31.[iii]

As should be expected, the presentation acknowledges COVID-19 as a global pandemic. And it begins by incorporating an overview of regulations surrounding remote work prior to the pandemic, as well as noting changes “post” pandemic. This conversation on changes includes legislative initiatives and policy debates.


One assumption the presenter makes, and that I agree with, is that one’s commute is always considered an issue with productivity. The presenter notes telework helps organizations to recruit and keep the best employee regardless of location, and that employees who telework have an improved work-life balance.

Intersecting freeways at night with blurry lights on them
Photo by Ruiyang Zhang on

The presentation begins with pictures showcasing heavy traffic associated with commuting. Various pictures are provided, illustrating the amount of heavy traffic one experiences across the globe. Pictures are from places such as Tel Aviv, D.C., Beijing, and Bangladesh. The last 2 pictures in the set illustrate how heavy human traffic is within D.C. public transportation. The last image depicts people, unmasked, crammed into a D.C. metro rail car, on their way to work in June 2022.[iv]

The presentation then transitions to discussing the challenges with telework.[v] The challenges mentioned cover issues that anyone, not just law librarians, may experience in the workforce. These challenges form the basis of the presentation, with various challenges being addressed as one listens on.

United States

As determined from the above “Table of Contents,” the presentation begins with the U.S.,[vi] specifically with the Telework Enhancement Act of 2010. Throughout this portion of the presentation, it becomes clear that there is no general federal telework requirement.

European Union

Moving on to the EU, it is noted that the EU has the most elaborate telework regulation.[vii] Slide 17 lays out a list of directives and regulations that are relevant to telework prior to the COVID-19 pandemic.[viii] Of interest is the EU Framework Agreement on Telework from 2002, which provided a clear and concise definition for telework.[ix]

The portion of the presentation discussing pre-COVID-19 regulations in the EU also mentions EU member states’ national regulations.[x] Included in the conversation is the notion of statutory legislation impacting telework, including the Right to Disconnect,[xi] work-life balance,[xii] privacy and equipment,[xiii] and more.[xiv] These sections mention the telework rules within various countries of the EU.

It is not until slide 30 that the presentation turns to EU National Regulations post-COVID-19. The presenter’s discussion explores both the benefits and drawbacks of the work made in this area.

Laptop Computer
Photo by Nao Triponez on

Other Countries

Beyond the U.S. and EU member states, other countries’ telework regulations are discussed.[xv] Countries include: Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Mexico, Russia, Turkey, and the Ukraine. The information provided on the slide are laws and regulations that came into effect prior to and after 2020.

It should be noted that it took roughly 46 minutes to get to these countries. The information here is just as dense and interesting as the rest of the presentation.[xvi]

Judicial Review of Telework

Towards the end of the presentation, viewers are treated to two slides concerning the Judicial Review of Telework Arrangements: first for Israel,[xvii] then for Russia.[xviii] Of note, neither are members of the U.S. nor the EU.

Parting Thoughts

It goes without saying that people interested in this topic should watch the presentation. The in-depth knowledge of the presenter explaining what has been going on in the world is most valuable. Of course, the slides are fantastic and should be reviewed.

[i] The live presentation was held on July 21, 2022. Hopefully, some of y’all are still interested in a summary of this presentation after this date.

[ii] Slide 4, (2022) Regulating Remote Work During the Pandemic and After: Global Perspectives. [Video] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

[iii] This is about 46 minutes into the presentation.

[iv] Slide 11.

[v] Slides 12 and 13.

[vi] Slide 14.

[vii] Slide 15.

[viii] The author’s notes in this section simply states “Man, EU does it right.”

[ix] Slide 19.

[x] Slide 21.

[xi] Slide 24; where the Right to Disconnect is the right a worker has to disconnect from work.

[xii] Slide 25

[xiii] Slide 26.

[xiv] Occupational safety & non-statutory frameworks.

[xv] Slide 31.

[xvi] Totally worth the wait.

[xvii] Slide 32.

[xviii] Slide 32.

Last Call for FCIL-SIS Executive Committee Nominations

The Foreign, Comparative, and International Law Special Interest Section (FCIL-SIS) of AALL needs your leadership and vision! 

The Nominations Committee hereby welcomes submissions for Vice-Chair/Chair-Elect and Secretary/Treasurer of the SIS for 2023. 

FCIL-SIS Annual Nominations For: 2020
Deadline: December 16, 2022
  • The position of Vice-Chair/Chair-Elect requires a three-year commitment, as Vice-Chair/Chair-Elect, Chair, and Immediate Past Chair, and will be expected to attend the AALL annual meeting the first two years.  
  • The position of Secretary/Treasurer requires a two-year commitment, and the holder of this office is expected to attend the AALL Annual Meeting both years. More information is available in the FCIL-SIS Bylaws.

Please consider nominating yourself or one of our outstanding colleagues for these important positions. (If nominating someone other than yourself, please communicate first with that person to ensure their interest in serving.)

Nominations will be accepted through December 16th, 2022. Results will be announced in the Spring newsletter.

Please submit your nominations and any questions to:

Laura Cadra, Chair, FCIL-SIS Nominating Committee
Adam Mackie, Member, FCIL-SIS Nominating Committee
Traci Emerson Spackey, Member, FCIL-SIS Nominating Committee

We look forward to hearing from you!