New FCIL Librarian Series: Collection Development and Electronic Resources

By Sarah Reis, Foreign and International Law Librarian, Northwestern Pritzker School of Law

This is the first post in a series of posts over the next year about adjusting to my new position as a foreign and international law librarian. I started my position at the Pritzker Legal Research Center at Northwestern Pritzker School of Law in February 2018 and was formerly a general reference librarian at another law school.

Back in February, I started my position as Foreign & International Law Librarian at Northwestern Pritzker School of Law. Weather-wise, February is admittedly not the most ideal time to move from northern California, where I had previously been working as a general reference librarian at Stanford Law School, to Chicago. But the timing was perfect for allowing me to become acquainted with foreign and international law resources at my own pace. Rather than scrambling to offer various in-class research sessions for the students in the international human rights clinic or immediately diving in to teaching an FCIL class for the first time, I had the opportunity to spend time familiarizing myself with our collection and electronic resources.

At Northwestern, I am a member of the selection committee. Collection development was a new responsibility for me because I was not a member of the collection development committee at the library where I previously worked. Here, the selection committee decides as a group whether our library will purchase certain monographs and whether we should subscribe to or cancel certain electronic databases and print subscriptions. In print, we collect various international law materials, but not as many foreign law materials, and the materials tend to be in English. We provide our law school community with access to numerous e-resources that would be helpful in conducting foreign and international legal research, but generally do not subscribe to databases that are geared toward researching the law of a specific foreign country, with the exception of Westlaw China. For instance, we do not subscribe to databases such as Beck-Online (German law) or Kodeks (Russian law).

Over the summer, I conducted a survey comparing the FCIL databases that our library subscribed to with the databases our peer law libraries subscribed to, based on what I could glean from their database pages and research guides available on their law library websites.* The purpose was to identify whether our library was missing any key FCIL resources or if we were subscribing to any resources that we could consider canceling.

I would recommend any new FCIL librarian to take on a similar task because this turned out to be an excellent way to acquaint myself with the range of resources useful for conducting foreign and international legal research. I spent time browsing, running test searches, and exploring the content for all of the databases we subscribed to, and also looked into what I could expect to find in resources for which we did not have subscriptions.

Taking a close look at the database pages and research guides of various other law library websites also provided insight into how to effectively organize and highlight resources. Most law library websites, including ours, have an A-to-Z list of legal databases. Some libraries make it easy for users to filter all of the e-resources to view only those that specifically pertain to foreign and international law, other libraries list all of their e-resources in one alphabetical list, and still other libraries organize e-resources into very specific categories (e.g., e-resources pertaining to a particular jurisdiction or international law topic). Our library organizes e-resources pertaining to foreign and international law under a category of “Foreign and International” to make it easy for users to pull up a list of just these resources filed under this category.

Law libraries differ in whether they integrate free resources, such as the UN Official Document System, EUR-Lex, or GlobaLex, alongside their subscription resources on their database pages. Our library opts to include primarily subscription databases on our A-to-Z database list because we do not want our database list to become too overwhelming for students. However, we highlight both subscription resources and free resources in our research guides, which are intended to provide more in-depth coverage on how to research specific topics.

Conducting this survey afforded our library the opportunity to update our list of databases on our law library website. I uncovered a few e-resources that our main campus library subscribed to that would also be of interest for law students conducting international legal research, so we added these resources to the law library’s database list to improve access to them. But more importantly, participating in the selection committee helped me feel much better prepared for the first few weeks of the fall semester when I provided various in-class research sessions aimed at giving the students an overview of foreign and international law resources available through the library.

* I would be happy to share a copy of my spreadsheet with anyone who is interested in looking at it, with the caveat that libraries may have subscribed to or canceled subscriptions since I compiled it or may subscribe to additional databases that are not listed on their law library websites.

September GlobaLex Issue Now Live

By Lucie Olejnikova

In September 2018, we bring you five major updates. Please take a look at the table of contents below. This time around, I would like to highlight an effort by the authors of the South Sudan article who provided a link to an open access Dropbox containing a collection of Laws of the Republic of South Sudan – a similar endeavor that the authors of the original South Sudan article (Paul Mertenskoetter and Dong Samuel Luak) also undertook. We thank all of our authors for their valuable contributions.

 

UPDATE: Algerian Legal Research by Vincent Ramette at http://www.nyulawglobal.org/globalex/Algeria1.html.

Vincent Ramette is a specialist in collective investment vehicles law (AIFM) and is in charge of Financial regulatory compliance and Personal data protection in an investment management company in France. He was the director of the internet customer department in a major international publisher and worked as the KM Director in a global law firm. He is a former independent expert in business and corporate law and worked as a senior expert in business performance and legal databases for the European Commission (PMEII program in Algiers, PHARE and TACIS programs in countries of Eastern Europe and Moscow). He wrote numerous articles on legal information and was involved in continuous education for lawyers. Vincent holds an MA in Business Law and a Bachelor’s Degree in Education Sciences. He is an Expert in Business Process Management, Lean Certified.

 

 

UPDATE: The Bulgarian Legal System and Legal Research by Aleksandar Aleksandrov at http://www.nyulawglobal.org/globalex/Bulgaria1.html.

Aleksandar Aleksandrov is a Senior Legal Counsel at the law firm Tsvetkova, Bebov, Komarevski. He holds an LLM from the Sofia University “St. Kliment Ochridski”, Sofia, Bulgaria. Aleksandar Aleksandrov mostly focuses on energy, public procurements, spatial planning, construction and environment.

 

UPDATE: “One Country, Two Systems” of Legal Research: Finding the Law of China’s Hong Kong Special Administrative Region by Roy L. Sturgeon and Sergio D. Stone at http://www.nyulawglobal.org/globalex/Hong_Kong1.html.

Roy L. Sturgeon is the Foreign, Comparative, and International Law Reference Librarian at Tulane University Law School in New Orleans, Louisiana. He earned his JD from Valparaiso University, MLS from St. John’s University, and LLM in Chinese law from Tsinghua University in Beijing. He worked previously as the Foreign and International Law Librarian at Touro College Jacob D. Fuchsberg Law Center’s Gould Law Library in Central Islip, New York. He served as 2013-15 Secretary/Treasurer of the American Association of Law Libraries’s (AALL) Foreign, Comparative and International Law-Special Interest Section (FCIL-SIS) and 2010-11 Chair of FCIL-SIS’s Asian Law Interest Group.

Sergio D. Stone is the Deputy Director of Stanford Law School’s Robert Crown Law Library in Stanford, California. He earned his MLIS from the University of Denver and JD from New York University. He worked previously as the Foreign, Comparative, and International Law Librarian at the University of Denver Sturm College of Law’s Westminster Law Library in Colorado. In addition, he served as the 2012-14 Co-Chair of the Chinese and American Forum on Legal Information and Law Libraries (CAFLL) and the 2011-12 Chair of AALL’s FCIL-SIS.

 

 

UPDATE: Legal Research in Cuba by Yasmin Morais at http://www.nyulawglobal.org/globalex/Cuba1.html.

Yasmin Morais is the Cataloging and Reference Librarian at the Mason Law Library, David A. Clarke School of Law, University of the District of Columbia. She earned the degrees of BA (Spanish) and MSc (Government) from the University of the West Indies, (Mona), the LL.B (Hons.) from the University of London, and MLIS from the University of Toronto. Yasmin is the Chair of the Latin American Law Interest Group, Foreign, Comparative and International Law Section (FCIL), American Association of Law Libraries (AALL).

 

 

UPDATE: An Overview of the Legal System of South Sudan by Gabriel Mading Apach and Garang Geng at http://www.nyulawglobal.org/globalex/South_Sudan1.html.

Gabriel Mading Apach is a practicing lawyer and principal partner at Kush Advocates & Solicitors and a lecturer at the University of Juba, Faculty of Law – Department of Commercial Laws, South Sudan. He graduated from University of Juba in 2014/2015 academic year with LL.B 1st class, SS Bar in legal practice in 2016 and he earned his LLM in International Trade & Investment Law in Africa from the Center of Human Right at the University of Pretoria, South Africa. His experience in legal practice coupled with his LLM research paper titled Protection of Foreign Investment in South Sudan: Making a Case for Consolidation of Fragmented Investment Related Laws, have offered him the opportunity to develop an expertise on South Sudan and its legal system.

Peter Garang Geng completed his LLM in International Law studies at the Sharda University, in India. He earned his LLB degree from the University of Juba, South Sudan where he gained his expertise on South Sudan and its legal system. He has authored articles on South Sudan including a comparative study of the judicial system of South Sudan and India, which he presented at the International Seminar on Comparative Judicial Systems in India. He has worked for Global Communities, USAID South Sudan PROPEL Program focusing on community driven development in South Sudan. He also worked for the Humanitarian Development Consortium as the Protection Officer/Team Leader in Mingkaman, Lakes States, focusing on efforts to implement protection activities and offering pro bono services to the survivors of SGBV.

 

For more articles on foreign, comparative, and international law research, see GlobaLex.

Getting to Know the Index to Foreign Legal Periodicals: Unique Features and Tools

By Sarah Jaramillo

In this fourth installment of our series, “Getting to Know the Index to Foreign Legal Periodicals” (IFLP or “the Index”), I examine some of the unique features and tools of the index. These features and tools satisfy both power and novice researchers alike, and justify why a patron might want to take the time to look at yet another platform.

Articles from a Non-US Perspective

The most obvious need for using the IFLP is if a user is researching another jurisdiction’s law or is writing a comparative law piece. However, any researcher doing comprehensive research on a topic ought to consider consulting the IFLP because it offers access to secondary sources from a non-U.S. point-of-view. Lexis and Westlaw have articles primarily produced in student-edited journals published out of U.S. law schools written by U.S. academics, judges and lawyers. The global nature of legal practice and the demands of truly comprehensive literature reviews necessitate the consultation of non-U.S. law journals. One of the few places to find articles from so many of these types of sources, from so many jurisdictions, is the IFLP.

Integration with HeinOnline

Another enormous benefit of the modern IFLP interface is that it is no longer solely an index. Since IFLP is hosted on HeinOnline, you will immediately be able to click into the full-text via HeinOnline on over forty percent of the results you see. It’s old news that most of our patrons do not know or appreciate the difference between a full-text database and an index. Moreover, serious researchers want to use what works and what will save them time. Many researchers also have platform fatigue and grow weary at the suggestion that they need to check out yet another database. HeinOnline is familiar to many, if not all, law patrons, so having IFLP on HeinOnline and having many of the results available in full-text through HeinOnline makes both librarians and their patrons happy.

Excellent Browsing and Post-Search Filters

The ability to browse by subject and country and to filter results is probably the research tool in the IFLP that regular users love most, at least according to my informal poll of FCIL librarians. Each record in the IFLP is created and curated by a human being. That human being applies the detailed subject and country taxonomies used by the IFLP over the years. This process results in very nuanced and powerful searching tools via the browse tabs and post-search filters. So, say I wanted to research women’s rights in Uganda. One way I can find scholarly articles written on that topic in IFLP is to click “Country Subject” on the IFLP home page and then navigate to Uganda. This creates a results list of 185 articles predominantly about Uganda. If I use the filters on the left and narrow my results to hits having the subject ‘women,” I find myself with 22 on-point articles. You can also combine the browse tabs and subject filters with keyword searching.

Conclusion

These are just three useful features and tools of IFLP. I would love to hear via the comments section below of other user favorite features and tools. IFLP is such a unique research tool. So, the next time a foreign research question finds its way to you, check out or recommend the IFLP. Its unique content and search tools make it worth your time.

July/August GlobaLex Issue Now Live

By Lucie Olejnikova

In our July/August 2018 GlobaLex issue we bring you nine fantastic updates. We are also excited to welcome number of new authors. Webmasters and content managers, please update your pages. And of course, our sincere thanks to all our contributors!

UPDATE: The European Human Rights System by Grigory Dikov at http://www.nyulawglobal.org/globalex/European_Human_Rights_System1.html.

Grigory Dikov is a former law clerk at the European Court of Human Rights (2003-2014). He is currently a legal officer at the Venice Commission of the Council of Europe and a Ph.D. researcher at the Law School of the University of Liverpool (UK).

UPDATE: A Guide to MERCOSUR Legal Research – Sources and Documents by Gloria Orrego Hoyos and Mariel Romani at http://www.nyulawglobal.org/globalex/Mercosur1.html.

Gloria Orrego Hoyos has a law degree from the Pontificia Universidad Javeriana in Bogotá, Colombia. She has a Masters in Constitutional Law and Human Rights from the Universidad de Palermo in Buenos Aires and a postgraduate degree in Library and Information Management from the Universidad de Ciencias Empresariales y Sociales (UCES) in Buenos Aires, Argentina. She is currently a professor at the Legal Research Methods course in the Law Department of the University of San Andrés and also, in the same course at the Universidad Torcuato DiTella (UTDT). She currently serves as a legal reference at the General Secretariat of Training and Jurisprudence of the Public Defender’s Office.

Mariel Romani is an Argentine librarian in charge of the Serials library at the Max von Buch Library at the Universidad de San Andrés, Buenos Aires, Argentina. She assists faculty in their research and is in charge of legal reference and information literacy at the institution.

UPDATE: Guide to Research on Vienna Convention on Consular Relations Notification Requirements by Cindy G. Buys at http://www.nyulawglobal.org/globalex/Vienna_Convention_Consular_Relations1.html.

Cindy G. Buys is a Professor and Director of International Law Programs at Southern Illinois University School of Law. She holds an LLM from Georgetown University Law Center, a Juris Doctorate and a Master’s of Arts in International Relations from Syracuse University, and a Bachelor’s of Arts in Political Science from the State University of New York at Albany.

UPDATE: A Guide to the U. S. Federal Legal System Web-based Public Accessible Sources by Gretchen Feltes at http://www.nyulawglobal.org/globalex/United_States1.html.

Gretchen Feltes is Faculty Services/Reference Librarian at New York University School of Law Library.

UPDATE: A Guide to Fee-Based U. S. Legal Research Databases by Jootaek Lee and Brittany Strojny at http://www.nyulawglobal.org/globalex/US_Fee-Based_Legal_Databases1.html.

Jootaek (“Juice”) Lee is Senior Law Librarian (Research Librarian for Foreign, Comparative & International Law), Adjunct Professor, and Affiliated Faculty for the Program on Human Rights and the Global Economy (PHRGE) at the Northeastern University School of Law. He is one of the Global Law Advisors and serves as the law school’s Philip C. Jessup International Law Moot Court team coach. Juice teaches international and foreign legal research, international business transactions and advanced legal research. Juice received a B.A. from Korea University where he also received an M.A. in international law. Jootaek completed his J.D. at Florida State University, where he was also awarded M.L.S.

Brittany Strojny currently serves as Reference Law Librarian at the Wyoming Supreme Court. Brittany previously worked as a Legal Librarian and intern at Northeastern University School of Law. While at Northeastern, she was one of the main editors for the Journal of Legal Education. She also assisted Jootaek Lee with his international and foreign legal research class and other legal research classes. Brittany received her B.A. from Bridgewater State University, a J.D. at University of Massachusetts School of Law and a M.S. from Simmons College.

UPDATE: A Guide to Online Research Resources for the Australian Federal Legal System with some Reference to the State Level by Petal Kinder at http://www.nyulawglobal.org/globalex/Australia1.html.

Petal Kinder is a Director, Research and Engagement at BarNet/JADE. She was formerly Court Librarian at the High Court of Australia. Prior to her commencement at the High Court, Petal was the Manager of the Library and Information Services at the Federal Court in Melbourne. During her lectureship in the Law Faculty at Monash University, she designed, implemented and taught legal research courses at undergraduate and graduate levels. Petal has written articles on legal research and also designed an interactive web based legal research program.

UPDATE: The Legal System of the Peoples’ Republic of Bangladesh by Ershadul Karim at http://www.nyulawglobal.org/globalex/Bangladesh1.html.

Dr. Md. Ershadul Karim is a Senior Lecture at the Faculty of Law, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia and a non-practicing lawyer enrolled with Bangladesh Supreme Court.

UPDATE: A Guide to Legal Research in Costa Rica by Roger A. Peterson at http://www.nyulawglobal.org/globalex/Costa_Rica1.html.

Roger A. Petersen is an Attorney at Law, member of both the Costa Rican Bar and Florida Bar Association.  He is the author of The Legal Guide to Costa Rica and a partner with Petersen & Philps of San Jose, Costa Rica.

UPDATE: An Introduction to the Czech Legal System and Legal Resources Online by Olga Pouperova at http://www.nyulawglobal.org/globalex/Czech_Republic1.html.

Olga Pouperova is an associate professor and researcher at the Palacky University, Department of Administrative Law and Financial Science, Olomouc, Czech Republic. She holds an M.A. (Law, Palacky University, Olomouc), Dr. Jur. (Masaryk University, Brno), Ph.D. (Charles University, Prague) and completed her Associate Professorship at Masaryk University, Brno.

 

For more articles on foreign, international, and comparative law research topics, visit http://www.nyulawglobal.org/globalex/index.html.

New Resources: UN Women’s Family Law Database

By Gabriela Femenia

The Global Women’s Leadership Project (GWLP) at Penn Law has launched a new database of national laws governing women’s status in the family. Developed under the auspices of Under Secretary General and Executive Director of UN Women Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka, the UN Women’s Family Law Database is the first mapping of its kind that goes beyond the boundaries of traditional family law to examine the entire legal system of a country to identify the law’s subtle and powerful impact on a woman’s status in her family.

UN Women’s Family Law Database Home.png

Lead by Rangita de Silva de Alwis, Penn Law’s Associate Dean of International Affairs and Project Director, and compiled by Penn Law students and research fellows, this project maps the full range of laws that regulate a woman’s role in the family and society, including laws governing property, inheritance, custody, guardianship, marriage, divorce, residence, citizenship, domicile, age of marriage, guardianship, female genital mutilation (FGM), “husband obedience “ and sex-selective reproductive decisions.

The first phase of the database surveyed the 54 African countries; the 19 civil law countries in Latin America and 32 states of Mexico; the 51 independent states of Europe; Israel; India; and Pakistan. The data is currently available via the Biddle Law Library as a Google document and map, and will ultimately be accessible and searchable through a UN-designed database interface. Phase 2, now underway, will identify the relevant laws for the Middle East region, in addition to presenting a series of analytical reports on the data.

Feedback and questions about the database are most welcome and can be directed to Gabriela Femenia.

New FCIL Librarian Series: Creating a New Research Guide

By Jessica Pierucci

This is the fifth in a series of posts documenting my first year as a foreign, comparative, and international law (FCIL) librarian. I started in this newly-created role at the UCI Law Library in July 2017. The aim of this series is to document my year in the hope of inspiring aspiring FCIL librarians to join the field (and hopefully not scaring them away!) by discussing one librarian’s experience entering the field.

When I attended the 2017 AALL Annual Meeting a few weeks into my new job last year, I ended up at a table next to Marci Hoffman at an FCIL-SIS interest group meeting. She provided some excellent wisdom I took to heart. She advised me to create guides on FCIL topics as a way of getting to know the field. Creating a guide requires thinking in depth about how to start and organize a particular type of research in order to convey that to other researchers.

Following Ms. Hoffman’s words of wisdom, I’m pleased to have added a brand new Foreign Law Research guide to the UCI Law Libraries series of LibGuides. This guide is the result of reviewing established guides (most notably Georgetown’s fantastic guide), consulting books on the topic (most notably the Hoffman & Rumsey Coursebook), responding to and assisting with faculty and student questions on foreign law, and identifying some of the sources requested through Int-Law as time permitted throughout this past year.

foreign_law_research_guide_screenshot

This guide’s target audience is UCI Law students who are either collecting sources for work on a law journal or engaging in independent foreign law research for a class, to write a student note, or just for fun. I also created this guide for fellow UCI Law librarians to assist students with this research. Students working on our newest law journal, the UC Irvine Journal of International, Transnational, and Comparative Law, and students working on certain articles in the UC Irvine Law Review, may be tasked with collecting foreign law sources for the first time. This was a relatively frequent question on my reference desk shifts last year, so I thought a new guide to aid students in this process, along with added information for those wanting to do more than locate a source, would be a great addition to the library’s guides.

One of the most interesting aspects of creating this guide was considering which aspects of foreign law research are universal and which aspects are country-specific. Through this guide, I aim to share the universal information in digestible chunks and continuously remind users to locate country-specific resources if needed, particularly if they move beyond source collection. Considering how to create streamlined, but comprehensive steps and how to select resources for source collection across countries was a valuable learning process that I believe will improve my reference desk interactions on this topic. I’m sure I’ll continue to edit the guide and my approach as I put the guide into action and see how it works in practice.

I’m tremendously thankful to all the librarians who created the resources already out there that I was able to draw upon in creating this guide. As part of the learning process, I would encourage other newer FCIL librarians to similarly spend time with established resources and then use what they learn to create their own guides. Creating a guide from scratch forced me to consider how to convey foreign law research topics in a manner that makes sense to me and I hope will make sense to UCI Law students. This pushed me to understand the topic in a deeper way than I believe would have been possible without having to put my understanding of the topic onto virtual paper.

May/June GlobaLex Issue Now Live

By Lucie Olejnikova

In the May/June 2018 issue of GlobaLex we bring you eight updated articles. Please see the line-up below. Congratulations to all authors!

UPDATE: Introduction to the Norms and Institutions of the African Union by Ufuoma Lamikanra.

Ufuoma Lamikanra is a Lawyer and Principal Librarian at the Nigerian Institute of Advanced Legal Studies, Lagos, Nigeria, who is currently on a study leave pursuing a Ph.D. degree at the School of Advanced Study, University of London. Ms. Lamikanra’s publications include: “Law Libraries and Law Librarianship in Nigeria” in the IALL International Handbook of Legal Information Management (Danner, Richard A. & Jules Winterton, eds., Farnham: Ashgate, 2011); “Challenges of Sourcing for Legal Materials in a Globalized Economy,” 1 Babcock University Socio-Legal J. 66 (2009); and “Nigeria: Index to Federal Statutes in Force 2003” 232 et seq. (Lagos, Berean Club Pub. 2004).

 

UPDATE: Contemporary Land Grabbing, Research, and Bibliography by Jootaek Lee.

Jootaek (“Juice”) Lee is a Senior Law Librarian (Research Librarian for Foreign, Comparative & International Law), Adjunct Professor, and Affiliated Faculty for the Program on Human Rights and the Global Economy (PHRGE) at the Northeastern University School of Law. He is one of the Global Law Advisors and serves the Law School’s Philip C. Jessup International Law Moot Court team coach. He teaches international and foreign legal research, international business transactions and advanced legal research. He received a B.A. from Korea University where he also received an M.A. in international law. Jootaek completed his J.D. at Florida State University, where he was also awarded M.L.S. He worked before as a librarian assistant professor at the University of Miami School of Law. He, a prolific scholar and author, has been publishing articles relating to legal informatics, legal pedagogy, human rights, and foreign and comparative law sources.

 

UPDATE: Research Guide on Global Health Law by Julienne E. Grant.

Julienne E. Grant serves as Reference Librarian/Foreign & International Research Specialist at the Loyola University Chicago School of Law Library. Her previous publications include contributions to “Research Guide to Mexican Law” (Legal Reference Services Quarterly 35.1 (2016): 18-76) and “Guide to Cuban Law and Legal Research” (International Journal of Legal Information 45.2 (2017): 76-188). She also co-authored a book chapter (with Teresa M. Miguel-Stearns) on the history of Latin American materials in U.S. law libraries (forthcoming, McFarland, 2018). In addition, Ms. Grant is a regular contributor to the DipLawMatic Dialogues blog, which is sponsored by the American Association of Law Libraries’ Foreign, Comparative, and International Law Special Interest Section (FCIL-SIS). She is a member of the FCIL-SIS and served as Chair of its Latin American Law Interest Group from 2013 to 2017. Ms. Grant earned a B.A. magna cum laude in Spanish from Middlebury College, an M.A. in Ibero-American Studies from the University of Wisconsin-Madison, an M.A.L.S. from Rosary College (now Dominican University), and a J.D. cum laude from DePaul University.

 

UPDATE: Sustainable Development Law (SDL) Research Guide by Sarah Sullivan.

Sarah Sullivan is a Research Librarian at Baker McKenzie in San Francisco, California. She has a J.D. from UC Hastings College of the Law, an MLIS from San Jose State University, and a BA from UC Santa Cruz.

 

UPDATE: Algerian Legal Research by Vincent Ramette.

Vincent Ramette holds an MA in Business Law, and is an Expert in Business Process Management, Lean Certified.

 

UPDATE: The Legal System of the Kingdom of Bahrain (Bahrain) by Abdulla Al Doseri & Essa Jawahery.

Abdulla Al Doseri and Essa Jawahery of Elham Ali Hassan & Associates , Lawyers and Legal Consultants (EAH Law), Kingdom of Bahrain.

 

UPDATE: Introduction to the Moroccan Legal System by Netty Butera & Kevashinee Pillay.

Netty Butera is a Rwandan national. She is an independent Governance consultant. She received her master’s degree in Project Management from Maastricht School of Management (Netherlands) in 2010. She has been working in Rwanda, London, Kenya and South Africa.

Kevashine Pillay is an admitted attorney of the Republic of South Africa. She is a holder of an LLB (bachelor of laws) from the University of KwaZulu Natal and an LLM in Human Rights and Democratization in Africa from the University of Pretoria. She is currently reading towards a doctoral degree in Public law at the Nelson Mandela University in South Africa.

 

UPDATE: Researching Applicable Law in Wales – What is Unique in Wales? by Lillian Stevenson & Dr. Catrin Fflur Huws.

Dr. Catrin Fflur Huws is currently a senior lecturer at Aberystwyth Law School Aberystwyth University, specializing in issues of linguistic equality, the diversification of Welsh and English law post devolution, and property law in a devolved context. Catrin provided the first section on The Welsh Legal System of this article.

Lillian Stevenson was Academic Services Manager and Law Librarian at Aberystwyth University until August 2015. She studied law at Birmingham University and Sheffield University and information studies as a postgraduate at the College of Librarianship Wales, now the Department of Information Studies, Aberystwyth University. Subsequently she worked in legal publishing and as law librarian at Manchester Metropolitan University and Norton Rose, City Law Firm in the United Kingdom.

 

For more articles, visit http://www.nyulawglobal.org/globalex/index.html where you find the International Law, Comparative Law, and Foreign Law categories.