November/December GlobaLex Issue Now Live

By Lucie Olejnikova

Here comes the last issue of 2018. The November/December double issue includes a new article on the Right to Housing along with seven updates: Customary International Law, Afghanistan, Bolivia, Caribbean, Finland, Guinea, and South Korea. Below is the full table of contents along with our authors’ bios. Webmasters and content managers, please update your pages.

Congratulations and heartfelt thanks to all our authors who continue to deliver exemplary scholarship. And we wish you all Happy Holidays!

Researching the Right to Housing by S M Atia Naznin at

S M Atia Naznin is a Lecturer at the School of Law, BRAC University, in Bangladesh. She is currently on study leave to pursue Ph.D. in Law at Macquarie University, Australia, focusing on issues related to litigation and forced slum eviction in Bangladesh. She holds a Master’s in Human Rights and Democratization from the University of Sydney, Australia and a Master’s and a Bachelor’s of Laws from the University of Dhaka, Bangladesh. She has recently published an article titled ‘Justiciability of the Basic Necessity of Housing: Litigation of Forced Slum Evictions in Bangladesh’ in the Australian Journal of Asian Law (18 Australian Journal of Asian Law, 2, p. 9, 2017).

UPDATE: Researching Customary International Law, State Practice and the Pronouncement of States Regarding International Law by Catherine Deane at

Catherine A. Deane is the Research Specialist for the Bay Area Offices of Shearman & Sterling LLP. She has a B.A. in Cultural Anthropology with a Certificate in Latin American Studies from Princeton University, an M.A. in Cultural Anthropology, a J.D. with a Certificate in International and Comparative Law from the University of Tulsa in Oklahoma, and an M.L.I.S. degree from San Jose State University, School of Library and Information Science.

UPDATE: Islamic Republic of Afghanistan Legal System and Research by Ahmadullah Masoud at

Ahmadullah Masoud is the Legal Technical Member of the Financial Dispute Resolution Commission (DAB) in Kabul, Afghanistan. Prior to his current position, he worked as the Senior Huququ Training Specialist at the Assistance for the Development of Afghan Legal Access and Transparency (ADALAT) USAID Project at Checchi and Company Consulting, Inc. He was also the Legal Adviser to the Ministry of Economy in Kabul, Afghanistan where he participated in drafting process of policies and laws, and provided legal advice and technical support to MOEC leadership. Mr. Masoud was also the Lecturer at the Law Faculty, Dean of Political Science, and the Acting Chancellor of Mashal University, in Kabul, Afghanistan. As the lecturer, he taught constitutional, defense, and family law as well as legal research and legal writing courses. His experience includes providing legal services in the areas of corporate, tax, contract, investment, and legal drafting and translation at the Elite Legal Services where he worked as the Finance Officer and Tax Adviser. He earned his Bachelor’s degree in Islamic Law from Sharia Faculty of Kabul University, his Master’s Degree in Law (LL.M.) from the University of Washington School of Law, and he is licensed defense lawyer of the Afghanistan Independent Bar Association. He is multilingual working in English, Arabic, Urdu, Dari, and Pashtu.

UPDATE: The Bolivian Legal Framework by Gonzalo Dávila Maceda at

Gonzalo Dávila Maceda is founding partner of Reynolds & Asociados Sociedad Civil – Estudio de Abogados in La Paz, Plurinational State of Bolivia. Gonzalo is a legal practitioner with postgraduates in business administration and in Oil & Gas Law. After being formed in a French High School in Bolivia he obtained his LLB at the Bolivian Catholic University’s Law School in 1997 and his Diploma in Petroleum Law in 2000 as a Chevening scholar at the Centre for Energy Petroleum and Mineral Law and Policy (CEPMLP) at the University of Dundee in Scotland. For more than 20 years he focused his experience in Civil Law, Commercial Law, Labor Law, Competition Law, Regulatory Law, Administrative Law, Environmental Law, Petroleum Law, Electricity Law, Telecommunications Law, Mining Law having acquired that experience working for almost 9 years as senior legal advisor for the Bolivian Hydrocarbons Regulator and from his later experience in the private counseling field for more than 12 years. He worked as intern at the Swiss Competition Commission in Bern-Switzerland. He has participated in the drafting of legislation in the oil and gas sector. He is member of the La Paz Bar Association since 1997. He lectures in several universities in La Paz. He speaks Spanish, English and French.

UPDATE: Guide to Caribbean Law Research by Yemisi Dina at

Yemisi Dina, B.A, M.A, LL.B, MLIS,MPPAL is Associate Librarian/Head of Public Services at the Osgoode Hall Law Library, York University, Ontario, Canada. Prior to this position, she worked as Manager of Adult Services at the Central Library, Richmond Hill Public Library, Richmond Hill, Ontario, Canada; Law Librarian University of The West Indies/ College of The Bahamas LL.B Program, Nassau, The Bahamas; Law Librarian at the Adeola Odutola Law Library, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria and Principal Librarian at the Nigerian Law School, Lagos Campus, Nigeria. Her areas of research include law librarianship, legal research methods and information technology and law.

UPDATE: Finnish Law on the Internet by Erika Bergström at

Erika Bergström works as a Chief Information Specialist at the Library of Parliament of Finland. She graduated from the University of Helsinki Faculty of Law in 1997 (LLM) and obtained a post-graduate degree of law in 2006 (LL.Lic), also from the University of Helsinki. Prior to joining the Library of Parliament she worked for ten years as a lawyer and legal information specialist at one of Finland’s leading law firms.

UPDATE: Guinean Legal System and Research by Ibrahima Sidibe at

Ibrahima Sidibe is Professor of Law at the University of Lansana Conte of Sonfonia-Conakry, Departement Droit Public Et d’Anglais, Centre Universitaire de Kindia, Kindia, Republique de Guinee, West Africa.

UPDATE: Research and Bibliography for Korean Law Resources in English by Jootaek Lee at

Jootaek Lee is an assistant professor and librarian at Rutgers Law School (Newark). Mr. Lee is also an adjunct professor and an affiliated faculty for the Program on Human Rights and the Global Economy (PHRGE) at the Northeastern University School of Law. He is also a Massachusetts attorney and a prolific scholar and author. He has published in prestigious journals, including Georgetown Environmental Law Review, Law Library Journal, International Journal of Legal Information, Legal Reference Services Quarterly, Korea University Law Review, and Globalex. His research focuses on human rights to land, water and education, Asian practice of international law, especially human rights and international criminal law, legal informatics, Korean law and legal education, and pedagogy in law. He made numerous presentations at national and international conferences. He is active with the American Association of Law Libraries (AALL) and the American Society of International Law (ASIL), having served on AALL’s Diversity Committee, CONELL Committee, and Awards Committee. He is the former Co-Chair of International Legal Research Interest Group of the ASIL (2012-2015) and the former president of Asian American Law Librarians Caucus of AALL (2013-2014).


For more articles, visit GlobaLex at

Comparative Law and the Lies of Donald Trump

By Mary Rumsey

“It’s crazy. Other countries it’s called, ‘I’m sorry, you can’t come in, you have to leave.’ This one, we have judges. If they step on our land we have judges. It’s insane. So we’re going to have to change our whole immigration policy.”[1]  –Trump

“We’re the only country in the world where a person comes in, has a baby, and the baby is essentially a citizen of the United States for 85 years with all of those benefits.”[2] –Trump

Our current President makes statements about foreign law the way he talks about many other things—without any basis in fact.

As an exercise in comparative legal research, I spent some time this week looking at foreign law regarding asylum and citizenship. Several years ago, I had researched comparative asylum law to help Professor Stephen Meili, who has written extensively on asylum (and who, incidentally, is exactly the kind of person a human rights advocate should be). At that time, I had to dig fairly deeply to find information on asylum practice, particularly in European countries. I was curious to see if the tools for asylum research had improved.

One great source that I found is the Asylum Information Database (AIDA), a database managed by the European Council on Refugees and Exiles. AIDA contains information on asylum procedures and related issues across 23 countries, including Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Germany, Spain, France, Greece, Croatia, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sweden, Slovenia, United Kingdom, Switzerland, Serbia, and Turkey. This database would have saved me hours of research; it systematically organizes key information on procedures in each jurisdiction. AIDA also provides statistics on outcomes of asylum applications.

The descriptions of countries’ asylum procedures make clear that the standard practice is to offer an asylum applicant a hearing with an administrative official; next, a rejected applicant can appeal to a board or a court, depending on the jurisdiction. In other words, the US process is nearly identical to that of these major receiving countries.

A much less comprehensive tool is the Kluwer Online International Encyclopaedia of Laws: Migration Law. I’ve never been able to detect a pattern in the countries that each International Encyclopaedia of Laws topic covers, but I appreciate the high quality and thoroughness of the entries.

Trump has also claimed repeatedly that the US is the only country in the world that grants so-called “birthright citizenship.” I suspected that birthright citizenship might have been hashed out in law review articles, so I checked Westlaw. I love it when someone else does (some of) my work for me, and in this case, a 2017 student note informed me that birthright citizenship is recognized in thirty other countries.[3]

If I were doing this research “for real,” I would then find the relevant legislation for each country. One approach would be to use Refworld, the UN High Commissioner for Refugees’ database. Refworld contains citizenship laws for most countries:


I might also use Foreign Law Guide to identify the relevant laws; many of the laws in Refworld don’t have titles in English. Foreign Law Guide identifies what a country’s main citizenship law is in English, so it might be a faster way to figure out what I need.

It wouldn’t take much research to debunk these false claims about asylum and citizenship. The truth is out there.


[1] Ian Schwartz, Trump on Immigration Judges: In Other Countries, It’s Called “I’m Sorry, You Can’t Come In, You Have To Leave,” June 26, 2018,

[2] John Wagner, Trump Eyes Order to End Birthright Citizenship. Legal Experts Say That Would Violate Constitution, Chicago Trib., Oct. 30, 2018,

[3] Katherine Nesler, Note, Resurgence of the Birthright Citizenship Debate, 55 Wash. U. J.L. & Pol’y 215 (2018).

October GlobaLex Issue Now Live

By Lucie Olejnikova

The October 2018 issue features four articles: two new articles, on the Legal System and Research in São Tomé and Príncipe and a Comparative Analysis on the Restorative Justice Practices in Africa, and two updates on Bhutan and Forced Evictions and Disability Rights in Africa. Please see the table of contents below. We thank to all of our contributors for their scholarship and we welcome our new authors to GlobaLex family.

São Tomé and Príncipe: Legal System and Research by Kevashinee Pillay and Nélia Daniel Dias at

Kevashinee Pillay is an attorney in the Republic of South Africa with approximately ten years of experience in the field of human rights at national, regional and international level. She is also an author, an academic, and she writes and specializes in the areas of international law, international human rights law and international law of the sea. She holds a Bachelor of Laws degree from the University of Kwazulu Natal Durban (KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa) and a Master of Laws degree from the University of Pretoria (Gauteng, South Africa) focusing on human rights and democratization in Africa. She is currently working towards a doctoral degree focusing on the rights of small-scale fisheries fishing for food at the Nelson Mandela University in Port Elizabeth (Eastern Cape, South Africa).

Nélia Daniel Dias is a law lecturer in Angola and a licensed lawyer in both Angola and Portugal. Ms. Nelia also worked for Chevron in Luanda as a senior counsel in oil and gas and currently works for Baker Hughes, a General Electric Company as Senior Counsel with responsibilities in countries like Angola, Mozambique, Namibia, Ethiopia, South Africa and Equatorial Guinea. She has published 21 books including compilations of law and has written articles about domestic and international legal issues in Angola, Portugal, Brazil, England and the Unites States. She has been teaching at the Angola Catholic University since 2007 and at the Lusíada de Angola University since 2008. She earned her law degree in civil law from the Lusíada University of Lisbon in 1995 and her master’s degree in civil law (contracts) in 2000. She is currently studying Global Business at Oxford University at Saïd Business School. Since 1995, Ms. Daniel Dias has given lectures and acted as a facilitator in Angola and Portugal.


A Comparative Analysis of Restorative Justice Practices in Africa by Julena Jumbe Gabagambi at

Julena Jumbe Gabagambi is an Assistant Lecturer in Law at the University of Iringa, Tanzania. She holds a diploma in Law, Bachelor of Laws and an L.L.M. in Criminal Law and Criminal Justice from Mzumbe University, Tumaini University Iringa University College and the University of Birmingham (UK) respectively. She is currently a Ph.D. candidate at the Open University of Tanzania focusing her research on the issues of restorative justice. She has worked as a Legal Officer with the National Environment Management Council and the National Organization for Legal Assistance. In addition, she has worked with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees as a Repatriation Assistant. She teaches Criminal Law and Procedure, Transnational Criminal Law, Family Law, Law for Community Development, Child Law, and National Protection of Human Rights in Tanzania.


UPDATE: Research Guide to the Legal System of the Kingdom of Bhutan by Pema Needup and Dr. Md. Ershadul Karim at

Pema Needup is currently working for the Judiciary of the Kingdom of Bhutan as the Presiding Judge at the Royal Court of Justice, District Court, Punakha, Bhutan.

Dr. Md. Ershadul Karim is a Senior Lecturer at the Faculty of Law, University of Malaya, Malaysia and a non-practicing lawyer enrolled with Bangladesh Supreme Court.


UPDATE: Forced Evictions and Disability Rights in Africa by Sibusiso Nhlabatsi by

Sibusiso Nhlabatsi is Legal Clinic Principal at the University of Swaziland and a practicing human rights attorney. He holds a Diploma (Law) and an LLB degree from the University of Swaziland. He is currently doing an LLM in Human Rights Law (Course work) at the University of South Africa. Nhlabatsi is currently Chairperson of the Innovation for Change Hub Afrique’ until 2019. He serves on the Board of Trustee for Lawyers for Human Rights (Swaziland) and he is a founding director of the Institute for Democracy and Leadership (IDEAL).


For more articles on Globalex see

New FCIL Librarian Series: Collection Development and Electronic Resources

By Sarah Reis, Foreign and International Law Librarian, Northwestern Pritzker School of Law

This is the first post in a series of posts over the next year about adjusting to my new position as a foreign and international law librarian. I started my position at the Pritzker Legal Research Center at Northwestern Pritzker School of Law in February 2018 and was formerly a general reference librarian at another law school.

Back in February, I started my position as Foreign & International Law Librarian at Northwestern Pritzker School of Law. Weather-wise, February is admittedly not the most ideal time to move from northern California, where I had previously been working as a general reference librarian at Stanford Law School, to Chicago. But the timing was perfect for allowing me to become acquainted with foreign and international law resources at my own pace. Rather than scrambling to offer various in-class research sessions for the students in the international human rights clinic or immediately diving in to teaching an FCIL class for the first time, I had the opportunity to spend time familiarizing myself with our collection and electronic resources.

At Northwestern, I am a member of the selection committee. Collection development was a new responsibility for me because I was not a member of the collection development committee at the library where I previously worked. Here, the selection committee decides as a group whether our library will purchase certain monographs and whether we should subscribe to or cancel certain electronic databases and print subscriptions. In print, we collect various international law materials, but not as many foreign law materials, and the materials tend to be in English. We provide our law school community with access to numerous e-resources that would be helpful in conducting foreign and international legal research, but generally do not subscribe to databases that are geared toward researching the law of a specific foreign country, with the exception of Westlaw China. For instance, we do not subscribe to databases such as Beck-Online (German law) or Kodeks (Russian law).

Over the summer, I conducted a survey comparing the FCIL databases that our library subscribed to with the databases our peer law libraries subscribed to, based on what I could glean from their database pages and research guides available on their law library websites.* The purpose was to identify whether our library was missing any key FCIL resources or if we were subscribing to any resources that we could consider canceling.

I would recommend any new FCIL librarian to take on a similar task because this turned out to be an excellent way to acquaint myself with the range of resources useful for conducting foreign and international legal research. I spent time browsing, running test searches, and exploring the content for all of the databases we subscribed to, and also looked into what I could expect to find in resources for which we did not have subscriptions.

Taking a close look at the database pages and research guides of various other law library websites also provided insight into how to effectively organize and highlight resources. Most law library websites, including ours, have an A-to-Z list of legal databases. Some libraries make it easy for users to filter all of the e-resources to view only those that specifically pertain to foreign and international law, other libraries list all of their e-resources in one alphabetical list, and still other libraries organize e-resources into very specific categories (e.g., e-resources pertaining to a particular jurisdiction or international law topic). Our library organizes e-resources pertaining to foreign and international law under a category of “Foreign and International” to make it easy for users to pull up a list of just these resources filed under this category.

Law libraries differ in whether they integrate free resources, such as the UN Official Document System, EUR-Lex, or GlobaLex, alongside their subscription resources on their database pages. Our library opts to include primarily subscription databases on our A-to-Z database list because we do not want our database list to become too overwhelming for students. However, we highlight both subscription resources and free resources in our research guides, which are intended to provide more in-depth coverage on how to research specific topics.

Conducting this survey afforded our library the opportunity to update our list of databases on our law library website. I uncovered a few e-resources that our main campus library subscribed to that would also be of interest for law students conducting international legal research, so we added these resources to the law library’s database list to improve access to them. But more importantly, participating in the selection committee helped me feel much better prepared for the first few weeks of the fall semester when I provided various in-class research sessions aimed at giving the students an overview of foreign and international law resources available through the library.

* I would be happy to share a copy of my spreadsheet with anyone who is interested in looking at it, with the caveat that libraries may have subscribed to or canceled subscriptions since I compiled it or may subscribe to additional databases that are not listed on their law library websites.

September GlobaLex Issue Now Live

By Lucie Olejnikova

In September 2018, we bring you five major updates. Please take a look at the table of contents below. This time around, I would like to highlight an effort by the authors of the South Sudan article who provided a link to an open access Dropbox containing a collection of Laws of the Republic of South Sudan – a similar endeavor that the authors of the original South Sudan article (Paul Mertenskoetter and Dong Samuel Luak) also undertook. We thank all of our authors for their valuable contributions.


UPDATE: Algerian Legal Research by Vincent Ramette at

Vincent Ramette is a specialist in collective investment vehicles law (AIFM) and is in charge of Financial regulatory compliance and Personal data protection in an investment management company in France. He was the director of the internet customer department in a major international publisher and worked as the KM Director in a global law firm. He is a former independent expert in business and corporate law and worked as a senior expert in business performance and legal databases for the European Commission (PMEII program in Algiers, PHARE and TACIS programs in countries of Eastern Europe and Moscow). He wrote numerous articles on legal information and was involved in continuous education for lawyers. Vincent holds an MA in Business Law and a Bachelor’s Degree in Education Sciences. He is an Expert in Business Process Management, Lean Certified.



UPDATE: The Bulgarian Legal System and Legal Research by Aleksandar Aleksandrov at

Aleksandar Aleksandrov is a Senior Legal Counsel at the law firm Tsvetkova, Bebov, Komarevski. He holds an LLM from the Sofia University “St. Kliment Ochridski”, Sofia, Bulgaria. Aleksandar Aleksandrov mostly focuses on energy, public procurements, spatial planning, construction and environment.


UPDATE: “One Country, Two Systems” of Legal Research: Finding the Law of China’s Hong Kong Special Administrative Region by Roy L. Sturgeon and Sergio D. Stone at

Roy L. Sturgeon is the Foreign, Comparative, and International Law Reference Librarian at Tulane University Law School in New Orleans, Louisiana. He earned his JD from Valparaiso University, MLS from St. John’s University, and LLM in Chinese law from Tsinghua University in Beijing. He worked previously as the Foreign and International Law Librarian at Touro College Jacob D. Fuchsberg Law Center’s Gould Law Library in Central Islip, New York. He served as 2013-15 Secretary/Treasurer of the American Association of Law Libraries’s (AALL) Foreign, Comparative and International Law-Special Interest Section (FCIL-SIS) and 2010-11 Chair of FCIL-SIS’s Asian Law Interest Group.

Sergio D. Stone is the Deputy Director of Stanford Law School’s Robert Crown Law Library in Stanford, California. He earned his MLIS from the University of Denver and JD from New York University. He worked previously as the Foreign, Comparative, and International Law Librarian at the University of Denver Sturm College of Law’s Westminster Law Library in Colorado. In addition, he served as the 2012-14 Co-Chair of the Chinese and American Forum on Legal Information and Law Libraries (CAFLL) and the 2011-12 Chair of AALL’s FCIL-SIS.



UPDATE: Legal Research in Cuba by Yasmin Morais at

Yasmin Morais is the Cataloging and Reference Librarian at the Mason Law Library, David A. Clarke School of Law, University of the District of Columbia. She earned the degrees of BA (Spanish) and MSc (Government) from the University of the West Indies, (Mona), the LL.B (Hons.) from the University of London, and MLIS from the University of Toronto. Yasmin is the Chair of the Latin American Law Interest Group, Foreign, Comparative and International Law Section (FCIL), American Association of Law Libraries (AALL).



UPDATE: An Overview of the Legal System of South Sudan by Gabriel Mading Apach and Garang Geng at

Gabriel Mading Apach is a practicing lawyer and principal partner at Kush Advocates & Solicitors and a lecturer at the University of Juba, Faculty of Law – Department of Commercial Laws, South Sudan. He graduated from University of Juba in 2014/2015 academic year with LL.B 1st class, SS Bar in legal practice in 2016 and he earned his LLM in International Trade & Investment Law in Africa from the Center of Human Right at the University of Pretoria, South Africa. His experience in legal practice coupled with his LLM research paper titled Protection of Foreign Investment in South Sudan: Making a Case for Consolidation of Fragmented Investment Related Laws, have offered him the opportunity to develop an expertise on South Sudan and its legal system.

Peter Garang Geng completed his LLM in International Law studies at the Sharda University, in India. He earned his LLB degree from the University of Juba, South Sudan where he gained his expertise on South Sudan and its legal system. He has authored articles on South Sudan including a comparative study of the judicial system of South Sudan and India, which he presented at the International Seminar on Comparative Judicial Systems in India. He has worked for Global Communities, USAID South Sudan PROPEL Program focusing on community driven development in South Sudan. He also worked for the Humanitarian Development Consortium as the Protection Officer/Team Leader in Mingkaman, Lakes States, focusing on efforts to implement protection activities and offering pro bono services to the survivors of SGBV.


For more articles on foreign, comparative, and international law research, see GlobaLex.

Getting to Know the Index to Foreign Legal Periodicals: Unique Features and Tools

By Sarah Jaramillo

In this fourth installment of our series, “Getting to Know the Index to Foreign Legal Periodicals” (IFLP or “the Index”), I examine some of the unique features and tools of the index. These features and tools satisfy both power and novice researchers alike, and justify why a patron might want to take the time to look at yet another platform.

Articles from a Non-US Perspective

The most obvious need for using the IFLP is if a user is researching another jurisdiction’s law or is writing a comparative law piece. However, any researcher doing comprehensive research on a topic ought to consider consulting the IFLP because it offers access to secondary sources from a non-U.S. point-of-view. Lexis and Westlaw have articles primarily produced in student-edited journals published out of U.S. law schools written by U.S. academics, judges and lawyers. The global nature of legal practice and the demands of truly comprehensive literature reviews necessitate the consultation of non-U.S. law journals. One of the few places to find articles from so many of these types of sources, from so many jurisdictions, is the IFLP.

Integration with HeinOnline

Another enormous benefit of the modern IFLP interface is that it is no longer solely an index. Since IFLP is hosted on HeinOnline, you will immediately be able to click into the full-text via HeinOnline on over forty percent of the results you see. It’s old news that most of our patrons do not know or appreciate the difference between a full-text database and an index. Moreover, serious researchers want to use what works and what will save them time. Many researchers also have platform fatigue and grow weary at the suggestion that they need to check out yet another database. HeinOnline is familiar to many, if not all, law patrons, so having IFLP on HeinOnline and having many of the results available in full-text through HeinOnline makes both librarians and their patrons happy.

Excellent Browsing and Post-Search Filters

The ability to browse by subject and country and to filter results is probably the research tool in the IFLP that regular users love most, at least according to my informal poll of FCIL librarians. Each record in the IFLP is created and curated by a human being. That human being applies the detailed subject and country taxonomies used by the IFLP over the years. This process results in very nuanced and powerful searching tools via the browse tabs and post-search filters. So, say I wanted to research women’s rights in Uganda. One way I can find scholarly articles written on that topic in IFLP is to click “Country Subject” on the IFLP home page and then navigate to Uganda. This creates a results list of 185 articles predominantly about Uganda. If I use the filters on the left and narrow my results to hits having the subject ‘women,” I find myself with 22 on-point articles. You can also combine the browse tabs and subject filters with keyword searching.


These are just three useful features and tools of IFLP. I would love to hear via the comments section below of other user favorite features and tools. IFLP is such a unique research tool. So, the next time a foreign research question finds its way to you, check out or recommend the IFLP. Its unique content and search tools make it worth your time.

July/August GlobaLex Issue Now Live

By Lucie Olejnikova

In our July/August 2018 GlobaLex issue we bring you nine fantastic updates. We are also excited to welcome number of new authors. Webmasters and content managers, please update your pages. And of course, our sincere thanks to all our contributors!

UPDATE: The European Human Rights System by Grigory Dikov at

Grigory Dikov is a former law clerk at the European Court of Human Rights (2003-2014). He is currently a legal officer at the Venice Commission of the Council of Europe and a Ph.D. researcher at the Law School of the University of Liverpool (UK).

UPDATE: A Guide to MERCOSUR Legal Research – Sources and Documents by Gloria Orrego Hoyos and Mariel Romani at

Gloria Orrego Hoyos has a law degree from the Pontificia Universidad Javeriana in Bogotá, Colombia. She has a Masters in Constitutional Law and Human Rights from the Universidad de Palermo in Buenos Aires and a postgraduate degree in Library and Information Management from the Universidad de Ciencias Empresariales y Sociales (UCES) in Buenos Aires, Argentina. She is currently a professor at the Legal Research Methods course in the Law Department of the University of San Andrés and also, in the same course at the Universidad Torcuato DiTella (UTDT). She currently serves as a legal reference at the General Secretariat of Training and Jurisprudence of the Public Defender’s Office.

Mariel Romani is an Argentine librarian in charge of the Serials library at the Max von Buch Library at the Universidad de San Andrés, Buenos Aires, Argentina. She assists faculty in their research and is in charge of legal reference and information literacy at the institution.

UPDATE: Guide to Research on Vienna Convention on Consular Relations Notification Requirements by Cindy G. Buys at

Cindy G. Buys is a Professor and Director of International Law Programs at Southern Illinois University School of Law. She holds an LLM from Georgetown University Law Center, a Juris Doctorate and a Master’s of Arts in International Relations from Syracuse University, and a Bachelor’s of Arts in Political Science from the State University of New York at Albany.

UPDATE: A Guide to the U. S. Federal Legal System Web-based Public Accessible Sources by Gretchen Feltes at

Gretchen Feltes is Faculty Services/Reference Librarian at New York University School of Law Library.

UPDATE: A Guide to Fee-Based U. S. Legal Research Databases by Jootaek Lee and Brittany Strojny at

Jootaek (“Juice”) Lee is Senior Law Librarian (Research Librarian for Foreign, Comparative & International Law), Adjunct Professor, and Affiliated Faculty for the Program on Human Rights and the Global Economy (PHRGE) at the Northeastern University School of Law. He is one of the Global Law Advisors and serves as the law school’s Philip C. Jessup International Law Moot Court team coach. Juice teaches international and foreign legal research, international business transactions and advanced legal research. Juice received a B.A. from Korea University where he also received an M.A. in international law. Jootaek completed his J.D. at Florida State University, where he was also awarded M.L.S.

Brittany Strojny currently serves as Reference Law Librarian at the Wyoming Supreme Court. Brittany previously worked as a Legal Librarian and intern at Northeastern University School of Law. While at Northeastern, she was one of the main editors for the Journal of Legal Education. She also assisted Jootaek Lee with his international and foreign legal research class and other legal research classes. Brittany received her B.A. from Bridgewater State University, a J.D. at University of Massachusetts School of Law and a M.S. from Simmons College.

UPDATE: A Guide to Online Research Resources for the Australian Federal Legal System with some Reference to the State Level by Petal Kinder at

Petal Kinder is a Director, Research and Engagement at BarNet/JADE. She was formerly Court Librarian at the High Court of Australia. Prior to her commencement at the High Court, Petal was the Manager of the Library and Information Services at the Federal Court in Melbourne. During her lectureship in the Law Faculty at Monash University, she designed, implemented and taught legal research courses at undergraduate and graduate levels. Petal has written articles on legal research and also designed an interactive web based legal research program.

UPDATE: The Legal System of the Peoples’ Republic of Bangladesh by Ershadul Karim at

Dr. Md. Ershadul Karim is a Senior Lecture at the Faculty of Law, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia and a non-practicing lawyer enrolled with Bangladesh Supreme Court.

UPDATE: A Guide to Legal Research in Costa Rica by Roger A. Peterson at

Roger A. Petersen is an Attorney at Law, member of both the Costa Rican Bar and Florida Bar Association.  He is the author of The Legal Guide to Costa Rica and a partner with Petersen & Philps of San Jose, Costa Rica.

UPDATE: An Introduction to the Czech Legal System and Legal Resources Online by Olga Pouperova at

Olga Pouperova is an associate professor and researcher at the Palacky University, Department of Administrative Law and Financial Science, Olomouc, Czech Republic. She holds an M.A. (Law, Palacky University, Olomouc), Dr. Jur. (Masaryk University, Brno), Ph.D. (Charles University, Prague) and completed her Associate Professorship at Masaryk University, Brno.


For more articles on foreign, international, and comparative law research topics, visit